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Encyclopaedic Meaning project
Ideas from cognitive grammar
Immediate scope
Scope of predication
Dictionary meaning
Encyclopaedic meaning
Frame semantics
Frame evocation
Semantic frame
Mental space theory
Structural semantics
Windowing of attention

Connotation or connotative meaning is additional, or secondary, meaning associated with a linguistic sign in addition to its denotative content. Connotation is traditionally considered to be of an associative and subjective nature and deemed peripheral to the understanding of the sign in question.

In cognitive linguistics, where connotation is called encyclopaedic meaning, connotative meaning is given a much more central role.


  • Chalker, Sylvia & Edmund Weiner (1994). Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press and BCA.
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