Folk taxonomies are based on the speech community members' interaction with the surrounding world. Typically, the units that incude the most subordinate units are place in the middle level of the taxonomy, while the units at the superordinate level and subordinate level of a folk taxonomy subsume less units. Folk taxonomies typically focus on the middle level, because it is culturally salient and sometimes rooted in basic biological needs.
Folk taxonomies and languageEdit
Typically the forms that are used as labels for middle level units are morphologically simple in relation to those that serve as labels for superodrinate and subordinate units. Moreover, middle level units are readily available in communication, as they normally come first ti mind in categorizing or naming situations and experiences.
- Ungerer, Friedrich & Hans-Jörg Schmid (1996). An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics. London: Longman.