Cognitive Linguistics

Scientific taxonomy

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Project Categorization
Aristotelian category
Category boundaries
Levels of categorization
Basic level
Category-wide attribute
Collective function
Subordinate level
Superordinate level
Parasitic categorization
Prototype category
Bad member
Degree of membership
Flexible adaptability
Goodness of exemplar
Good member
Informational density
Radial structure
Structural stability
Class inclusion
Degree of generality
Expert taxonomy
Folk taxonomy
Multiple parenting
Scientific taxonomy

Scientific taxonomies or logical hierarchies, are taxonomies, often used in science, tht are intended to be objective. They are typically very complex and involve several levels. Unlike folk taxonomies, scientific taxonomies are not experientially based, thus disregarding humans' constant interaction with the surrounding worlds. Scientific taxonomies do not generally have any influence on language and cognition, and are as such not an important issue in cognitive linguistics


  • Ungerer, Friedrich & Hans-Jörg Schmid (1996). An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics. London: Longman.
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